Mushroom Hunting

Last Update: 22 Nov 2013

Glen and Susan started Mushroom Foraging on 22 Sept 2013 by taking a foraging tour with Chef Robin of Swallowtail Tours in Lynn Valley, BC. Since then we've been finding mushrooms everywhere we look - to the extent that it is now impossible to simply "go for a walk in the park"! We sometimes miss the ocean and mountains and forest all around us because our eyes are focused on the ground.

The following table provides information about every mushroom we THINK we have found. But be warned, identification of many species is very difficult and if you are wrong, it can be toxic or deadly. We have no useful expertise in mushroom identification yet, and the Confidence value in the table points out how sure (or not) we think we are of our identifications. You'll notice that for most of them we're not very confident! You should not use this web page as a knowlegable resource, and any use of this material is at your own risk.

Our primary resources are:

If you can offer any suggestions to correct or improve the identification of these mushrooms, please feel free to contact me at glen.bodie --at-- gmail.com

In the following table, click on any row to show/hide the detailed information for that mushroom. There are a lot of images, so it might take a while to load completely. Mouse over an image to see the description. Click on any image to see it full size in a new browser tab or window.

Name and Details Photos
1. King Stropharia or Giant Garden Stropharia
   Stropharia rugoso-annulata
   Confidence: 4/10
Date10 Oct 2013
LocationBackyard garden, see photos at right
CapTan, no flakes or patches
GillsNot white, ending at the stalk
VeilProbably when younger
RingYes
StemStraight, white, no markings
BaseNo volva
SporesRusty brown
OtherThis specimen is fairly old
Can I eat it?Good
Arora pocket guidepg.125
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.378-379
2. Fairy Ring or Scotch Bonnet
   Marasimus oreades
   Confidence: 7/10
Date10 Oct 2013
LocationFrontyard lawn, see photos at right
CapLight tan, curled up at edges, no flakes
GillsLight tan, thin
VeilProbably, when younger
RingNone
StemFibrous, thin
Base 
SporesWhite / Tan
Othersmall cluster of specimens
Can I eat it?Excellent, just the caps, can be dried
Arora pocket guidepg.51
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.208-209
3. Potent Psilocybe or Magic Mushroom
   Psilocybe cyanescens
   Confidence: 3/10
Date16 Oct 2013
LocationNW of Kelowna
CapBrown center, lighter near edges, central bump, edges not wavey
Gillstan, tight to stem
VeilMaybe when it was younger
RingNone
StemFibrous, tapers slightly
BaseNo volva
SporesFaint light brown
OtherSeveral specimens together in wild grasses (see specimen #1 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?Strongly hallucinogenic
Arora pocket guidepg.130
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.368-73

4. Witch's Hat or Conical Waxy Cap
   Hygrocybe conica
   Confidence: 9/10
   See also #46, #47
Date16 Oct 2013
LocationNW of Kelowna
CapOrange, shiny, slimy, peaked
GillsWhite but turned black after picking
VeilNot seen
RingNone
StemStriated, bright yellow/orange/green, turned black on handling
BaseNo volva
SporesWhite
Other(see specimen #2 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?Not recommended
Arora pocket guidepg.44
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.115-117

5. Meadow Mushroom
   Agaricus campestris or some other A. ???
   Confidence: 5/10
   See also #11, #30
Date16 Oct 2013
LocationNW of Kelowna
CapOff white colour, darker scales
GillsDark chocolate brown
VeilNot seen
RingNone
StemWhite, thick, tapered to bottom, broke fairly cleanly but had some fibre in it, no scales
BaseNo volva
SporesBrown
OtherScales on the top are not typical of A. campestris, but probably is Agaricus family because of the gills and spore colour (see specimen #3 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?A popular favourite if campestris, else ???
Arora pocket guidepg.113
Mushrooms Demystifiedpg.318

6. Russula (Emetic, Rosy or ???)
   Russula emetica, rosacea or ???
   Confidence: 5/10
Date16 Oct 2013
LocationNW of Kelowna
CapTan, whitening toward edges, about 4”+ diameter, flat slightly concave
GillsCreamy white, close together, not forked, slight trumpet shape heading down and meeting the stem but not running down the stem
VeilMaybe when it was younger
RingNone
Stem¾” thick, white, not tapered, fibrous
BaseNo volva
SporesWhite
OtherBig and meaty (see specimen #4 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?Probably not recommended
Arora pocket guidepp.28-29
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.97-100

7. Unknown
   Might be some form of Russula, or Tricoloma populinum or Clitocybe dealbata
   Confidence: 0/10
Date16 Oct 2013
LocationNW of Kelowna
CapTaupe brown/pink with ¼ of it tinged red, slight depression in middle
GillsYellow-white
VeilMaybe when it was younger
RingNone
StemThick, broke cleanly but had fibres
BaseNo volva
SporesToo dried out, no spores seen
OtherNo bad smell (see specimen #5 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it??
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystified 

8. Probably Lichen
   ?
   Confidence: 0/10
Date16 Oct 2013
LocationNW of Kelowna
CapGreyish-blue, a little fuzzy, no regular shape
GillsNone
VeilNone
RingNone
StemNone
BaseNone
SporesNone
OtherSome kind of polypore fungus (see specimen #6 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?Unlikely
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystified 

9. Tumbling Puffball
   Bovista plumbea
   Confidence: 8/10
Date16 Oct 2013
LocationNW of Kelowna
CapLight tan colour, some spots on it, spherical
GillsNone
VeilNone
RingNone
StemNone, was connected directly to the ground
BaseNot seen
SporesInside of ball was a solid white mass with no structure
OtherOnly one that we saw in that place, ¾" diameter, need to be sure it is not a baby Amanita! (see specimen #7 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?Edible when firm, but bland. Many Amanitas are poisonous so be sure!
Arora pocket guidepg.216
Mushrooms Demystifiedpg.697

10. Unknown Cortinarius
   Possibly in the Cortinarius family
   Confidence: 0/10
Date16 Oct 2013
LocationNW of Kelowna
Cap#1 is beige/grey, #2 is tan/orangey
GillsTan or taupe, some may be forked
VeilNone seen
RingNone
StemWhite, fibrous, #1 is slim and slightly tapered, #2 is smooth, straight and hollow
BaseNo volva
Sporeslight brown if any
Other2 specimens that we grouped together because they seemed similar (see specimen #8 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it??
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystified 

11. Meadow Mushroom
   Agaricus campestris or some other A. ???
   Confidence: 5/10
   See also #5, #30
Date16 Oct 2013
LocationNW of Kelowna
CapOff-white
GillsDark chocolate brown
VeilProbably when younger
RingYes
StemWhite, smooth, tapered, slightly fibrous
BaseNo volva
SporesDark chocolate brown
OtherFlesh is firm but we think it's an older specimen, did not check for yellow-staining which might have confirmed the identification (see specimen #9 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?A popular favourite, but yellow-stainers can be poisonous
Arora pocket guidepg.113
Mushrooms Demystifiedpg.318

12. LBM
   ?
   Confidence: 0/10
Date16 Oct 2013
LocationNW of Kelowna
CapA little shiny, depressed in the centre, 5 or 6 lines emanating from the centre and dividing it into similar sized pie chart segments
GillsSame brown colour as Cap and Stem
VeilNone seen
RingNone
StemThick and fibrous
BaseNo volva
SporesNone seen, perhaps it had dried out
OtherProbably just another Little Brown Mushroom (see specimen #10 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?Seems unlikely
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystified 

13. Shaggy Mane
   Coprinus comatus
   Confidence: 10/10
Date16 Oct 2013
LocationN of Kelowna
CapWhite with brown scales
GillsWhite initially, starting to deliquesce to black
VeilDidn't see one
RingNone
StemStraight, white, hollow
BaseNo volva
SporesDid not test
OtherAbout 40-50 in a troop and this one wasn’t the largest, under a tree in a patch of well-tended grass with a side road on one side and a concrete pool deck on the other
Can I eat it?Most people are fine with them, but many people get nauseous if they consume wine within days of eating Shaggies. Don't eat them if they've started to go black.
Arora pocket guidepg.133
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.345-46
14. Shaggy Parasol
   Lepiota rachodes
   Confidence: 7/10
   See also #15
Date18 Oct 2013
LocationS of Kelowna
Cap6" diameter, flat white with brown scales
GillsWhite
VeilProbably when younger
RingYes
StemNo scales, stains orange when cut
BaseSwollen but no volva
SporesWhite
Other5" tall above ground, in a patch of shrubs/bushes/garden in the middle of a well-tended grassy area, not directly under a tree but the trees around the grassy area were a mix of pines and alders (see specimen #1 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?Excellent, some people get nauseous so sauté on high heat in open pan
Arora pocket guidepg.95
Mushrooms Demystifiedpg.297-98
15. Shaggy Parasol (young)
   Lepiota rachodes
   Confidence: 7/10
   See also #14
Date18 Oct 2013
LocationS of Kelowna
CapDomed, just opening, white with brown scales
GillsWhite
VeilYes, white
RingNot yet
StemHollow, stained orange/brown when cut
BaseSwollen but no volva
SporesNot tested
Other2 specimens, same as the one above but younger (see specimen #2 and #3 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?Excellent, some people get nauseous so sauté on high heat in open pan
Arora pocket guidepg.95
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.297-98
16. The Prince
   Agaricus augustus
   Confidence: 8/10
Date18 Oct 2013
LocationS of Kelowna
CapSeems to fade from golden brown to tan, 5" diameter for the large one, young ones are marshmallow shaped
GillsPinkish / tan
VeilYoung ones still veiled
RingNo
Stem4.5" tall
BaseNo volva
SporesChocolate brown
OtherCrushed flesh smelled of almonds, no stain test on large one, young ones stained pale yellow when cut (see specimen #4 and #6 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?One of the best
Arora pocket guidepg.107
Mushrooms Demystifiedpg.337
17. Unknown
   ?
   Confidence: 0/10
Date18 Oct 2013
LocationS of Kelowna
CapSome scales
GillsWhite gills ran to the stalk but not down the stalk
VeilSome still on the gills
RingNone
StemStalk uniform diameter but not straight, center core, a little fibrous, some scales at the top
BaseNo volva
SporesMedium brown
OtherMMM=Mid-sized Mystery Mushroom (see specimen #5 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it??
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystified 
18. Unknown Agaricus
   Probably an Agaricus of some kind
   Confidence: 1/10
Date18 Oct 2013
LocationS of Kelowna
Cap5" diameter, golden/reddish with orangey centre when picked, looks like some scales
GillsChocolate brown, don't quite reach the cap
VeilProbably when it was younger
RingLooks like there was one but it deteriorated
StemFibrous, 4" height above ground
BaseNo volva
SporesLight pinky brown, or maybe just a small amount
OtherThere was a grey/green dust on the cap, no almond smell on crushed flesh (see specimen #7 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it??
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystified 
19. Inky Cap
   Coprinus atramentarius
   Confidence: 5/10
Date18 Oct 2013
LocationS of Kelowna
CapGrey and slimy, fine lines running down to the margin
GillsDark, maybe black, free from stem
VeilNone seen
RingNone
StemWhite, fibrous
BaseNo volva
SporesInky black
OtherMargin seems to be starting to deliquesce up, was found in a small cluster in the grass (see specimen #8 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?Not recommended
Arora pocket guidepg.131
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.347-50
20. Unknown Agaricus
   Probably an Agaricus of some kind
   Confidence: 1/10
Date18 Oct 2013
LocationS of Kelowna
CapHas scales
GillsChocolate brown, do not meet the stalk
VeilProbably was one when younger
RingYes
StemReasonably straight, white, uniform, turns slight yellow (not bright) when cut
BaseNo volva
SporesMedium brown
OtherNo unpleasant smells (see specimen #9 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?Poisonous (identified by the yellow-staining stalk)
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystified 
21. Giant Horse Mushroom
   Agaricus osecanus
   Confidence: 3/10
Date18 Oct 2013
LocationS of Kelowna
CapSmooth, white, 5" diameter
GillsBrown but not chocolate brown, do not join the stalk
VeilProbably when younger
RingYes, high up
Stem3.5" high, smooth white partly hollow straightish 3/8” wide, does not stain or only slightly
BaseNo volva
SporesMedium brown
OtherCrushed flesh had no almond or phenol smell (see specimen #10 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?Delicious
Arora pocket guidepg.102
Mushrooms Demystifiedpg.333
22. Woodland Agaricus
   Agaricus silvicola
   Confidence: 3/10
Date18 Oct 2013
LocationS of Kelowna
CapFlat, white / grey / tan, 2" diameter, light scales
GillsBrown, do not join the stalk
VeilProbably when younger
RingYes, high up
StemSmooth white partly hollow straightish 3/8” wide, did not stain or only slightly when cut
BaseNo volva
SporesGrey to brown
OtherNo almond or phenol smell on cut flesh, rubbed edges took on some yellow colour (see specimen #11 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?Delicious, but be careful not to confuse it with the Destroying Angel!
Arora pocket guidepg.101
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.334-36
23. Unknown Agaricus
   Probably an Agaricus of some kind
   Confidence: 1/10
Date18 Oct 2013
LocationS of Kelowna
Cap2" diameter, domed, white
GillsWhite, go right to the stalk
VeilProbably when younger
RingYes
StemWhite, slight turn at the bottom
BaseNo volva, more bulbous than the stalk
SporesWhite
OtherNo staining when cut, no smell when crushed (see specimen #12 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it??
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystified 
24. Unknown Agaricus
   Probably an Agaricus of some kind
   Confidence: 1/10
Date18 Oct 2013
LocationS of Kelowna
CapWhite, solid, stains yellow when rubbed
GillsWhite
VeilYes
RingUnknown
StemStraight, thick, white, solid
BaseStains yellow when cut
SporesNot seen - too young or too dried out
Other3 specimens that all seemed similar, no almond or phenol smell when crushed, in some ways they seem like regular commercial white button mushrooms (see specimen #13 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it??
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystified 
25. Honey Mushroom
   Armillaria melea
   Confidence: 7/10
   See also #37, #51
Date23 Oct 2013 and 03 Nov 2013
LocationBackyard garden
CapGolden brown, 2.5" diameter, darker at centre
GillsWhite
VeilPresumably when younger
RingYes
StemPithy
BaseNo volva
SporesWhite
OtherSeemed to be in small clusters on the ground under trees, NOT in large clusters on dead wood that one expects for Honeys, so they're probably connected underground.
Can I eat it?Yes, but can cause stomach upsets so cook it well and don't use if growing on buckeye or hemlock.
Arora pocket guidepg.82
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.196-97
26. Woman on Motorcycle
   Lepiota naucina
   Confidence: 4/10
Date23 Oct 2013
LocationBeside an organic garden in Tsawwassen
CapWhite tinged with grey, stars domed at 2.5" diameter and flattens to 7-8" diameter
GillsWhite
VeilProbably when younger
RingYes
StemDiscolours brown when cut
BaseNo volva
SporesWhite
OtherBig and meaty, found in light bush near gardens beside gravel road and under deciduous tree
Can I eat it?Yes, but some people are made ill by it. Be careful not to confuse it with deadly Amanitas (Smithiana, Panterina, Phalloides and Silvicola). One of the most frequent causes of mushroom poisoning in the Pacific NorthWest
Arora pocket guidepg.98
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.299-300
27. Fly Amanita
   Amanita muscaria
   Confidence: 10/10
Date24 Oct 2013
LocationRoadside trail in Richmond and elsewhere
CapBright red/orange with yellow scales
GillsWhite
VeilYes, when younger, white
RingYes
StemWhite, straight
BaseNo volva, but bulbous
SporesWhite
OtherFound many large troops of them in many places
Can I eat it?Not recommended. Hallucinogenic and toxic, can be deadly if you eat too much
Arora pocket guidepg.77
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.282-83
28. Milk Cap (Toadskin or Bearded)
   Lactarius of some sort, maybe olivaceoumbrinus or torminosis
   Confidence: 5/10
Date28 Oct 2013 and 03 Nov 2013
LocationRoadside trail in Richmond
CapDark brown - but actually that is only from the dirt it pushed up through, and the cap is actually fairly white or creamy
GillsYellowish, and the margin is rolled under
VeilNone seen
RingNo
StemThick
BaseNo volva
SporesNot tested
OtherFound under birch trees. Unwashed, it looks like lumps of dog poo! When the flesh is cut there is some liquid produced, fuzzy edge, pitted stem, taste is not acrid, should stain magenta with KOH but we didn't test this
Can I eat it?Not recommended
Arora pocket guidepg.19
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.70-73
29. Fat Jack
   Suillus caerulescens or S.ponderosus
   Confidence: 5/10
Date29 Oct 2013, 03 Nov 2013, 14 Nov 2013
LocationAlong English Bluff Road, Tsawwassen
CapOrange / tan, irregular shape
GillsNone - polypore, tubes are all connected at the surface, about 1 mm diameter each, yellowish, running slightly down the stem
VeilShown in the young specimens, not in contact with the pore surface
RingNone 
StemShort, possibly connecting several specimens together at the base, off centre from the cap, white-ish, appeared to have dark colour spots inside the stem
BaseNo volva, not bulbous
SporesPale or cinnamon brown
OtherPolypore, green/blue stain when cut, growing in clumps in a tended garden, no particular smell, no stain when rubbed (see caps #5 and #6 in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?Edible
Arora pocket guidepg.180
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.496-97
30. Meadow Mushroom
   Agaricus campestris or maybe some other A. ???
   Confidence: 2/10
   See also #5, #11
Date29 Oct 2013 and 03 Nov 2013
LocationAlong English Bluff Road, Tsawwassen
CapWhite
GillsBrown
VeilYes 
RingYes
StemThick, white
BaseNo volva, but a little bulbous 
SporesDark brown
OtherGrowing in clumps in a tended garden
Can I eat it?A popular favourite
Arora pocket guidepg.113
Mushrooms Demystifiedpg.318
31. Orange Peel Fungus
   Aleuria aurantia
   Confidence: 10/10
Date27 Oct 2013
LocationAlong the Fraser, West of Ft Langley
CapBright orange, cup-like
GillsNone - slightly paler orange surface
VeilNone
RingNone
StemNone
BaseGrows right on the ground
SporesNot tested
OtherGrowing under a black cottonwood tree
Can I eat it?Yes
Arora pocket guidepg.244
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.831-38
32. Poison Pax or Inrolled Pax
   Paxillus involutus
   Confidence: 5/10
Date28 Oct 2013 and 03 Nov 2013
LocationRoadside trail in Richmond and elsewhere
CapReddish
GillsReddish, running down the stalk slightly, turned darker brown with age and after picking
VeilNone seen
RingNo
StemStraight, reddish / dark brown
BaseNo Volva
SporesDark brown
OtherOnly single specimens seen in a few locations, some were under birch trees
Can I eat it?Poisonous, to be avoided, never eat it raw
Arora pocket guidepg.147
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.477-78
33. Glutinous Gomphidius
   Gomphidius glutinosus
   Confidence: 5/10
Date03 Nov 2013
LocationRoadside trail in Richmond
CapGrey and slimy
GillsNone seen
VeilNone seen
RingNone seen
StemVery thick and white, grows deep into the earth
BaseNo volva
SporesNot tested
OtherJust saw this one lone specimen
Can I eat it?Yes, but peel off the slimy skin first
Arora pocket guidepg.150
Mushrooms Demystifiedpg.482
34. Western Amethyst Laccaria
   Laccaria amethysteo-occidentalis
   Confidence: 8/10
Date05 Nov 2013
LocationLilly Point Park, Point Roberts
CapPurple, some flat and some wavey
GillsPaler shade of the same purple
VeilNone seen
RingNone
StemFibrous and a darker shade of the same purple, not as striated as the mushroom book might lead you to expect
BaseNo volva
SporesNot tested
OtherLarge drifts of them in mixed forest
Can I eat it?Yes, the caps are bland but nice and chewy
Arora pocket guidepg.57
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.171-73
35. Fluted Black Elfin Saddle
   Helvella lacunosa
   Confidence: 8/10
   See also #48
Date05 Nov 2013
LocationLilly Point Park, Point Roberts
CapBlack and lumpy
GillsNo
VeilNo
RingNo
StemWhite / grey and striated
BaseNo volva
SporesNot tested
OtherOnly single speciemns not clustered, in a mixed forest, saw some others with white heads which are thought to be caused by a parasite (don't eat those ones)
Can I eat it?Edible when cooked
Arora pocket guidepg.238
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.815-16
36. Candy Cap or Jumbo Gym
   Lactarius rubidus or Gymnopilus ventricosus
   Confidence: 3/10
Date05 Nov 2013
LocationLilly Point Park, Point Roberts
CapGolden yellow/brown, smooth and dry
GillsYes, same colour as the cap or slightly paler, running to the stalk but not down it
VeilNone seen
RingDon't think so
StemOff white, uniform diameter, slight curve
BaseNot seen
SporesNot tested
OtherNot sure these 2 specimens are the same - specimen #2 might just be younger or it might be the Jumbo Gym. Always saw several speciemns together in a tight clump. Did not test the smell or milkiness or brittleness or looked closely at the stem and gills which would have been valuable indications!
Can I eat it?Candy Cap is delicious, sweet; Jumbo Gym is bitter and may be hallucinogenic.
Arora pocket guidepg.22 or 138
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.79-82 or 410-411
37. Honey Mushroom
   Amillaria mellea
   Confidence: 4/10
   See also #25, #51
Date14 Nov 2013
LocationAlong English Bluff Road, Tsawwassen
CapLight brown, wavey margin, 5-6" diameter, not too thick
GillsWhite near the flesh but turning light brown maybe pinkish near the tip of each gill, running down the stalk slightly to a minimal ring
VeilNot seen
RingMinimal, just the stub of the veil
StemThick, straight, feels hollow when squeezed, fibrous, turns brown quickly after cutting
BaseBulbous at the bottom but no volva
SporesWhite
OtherFound in the grass beside a tended garden, no staining when cut or rubbed, no smell (see cap #1 in group picture to the right). It was alone, not typical for Honies and the gills were decurrent, but we couln't come up with anything better
Can I eat it?Often eaten but sometimes causing stomach upsets
Arora pocket guidepg.82
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.196-97
38. Unknown Agaricus
   Probably some kind of Agaricus
   Confidence: 1/10
Date14 Nov 2013
LocationAlong English Bluff Road, Tsawwassen
CapLarge, round, white (underneath the dirt)
GillsLight brown
VeilWhite, still covering most of the gills and still attached to the stem
RingNot yet known
StemBends off to the side, firm and solid
BaseA bit bulbous but no volva
SporesNone seen - too young I think
OtherNo staining when cut or rubbed, no smell, crisp flesh (snaps when broken apart) (see cap #2 in group picture to the right) This specimen is too young to see spores or full gill and ring development.
Can I eat it?Probably, but not safe without a sure identification
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystified 
39. Unknown Russula
   Probably some kind of Russula
   Confidence: 2/10
Date14 Nov 2013
LocationAlong English Bluff Road, Tsawwassen
CapGrey / white, fairly flat
GillsGrey / brown
VeilNone
RingNone
StemWhite, slim, snapped like chalk (not fibrous)
BaseNot bulbous, no volva
SporesPale brown
OtherNo smell, no staining (see cap #4 in group picture to the right) Chalk-like stem usually means Russula or Milk Cap but I saw no milk and the gills are not decurrent
Can I eat it?Most Russula are not recommended but some are excellent
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystified 
40. Unknown Cortinarius
   Probably some kind of Cortinarius
   Confidence: 1/10
Date14 Nov 2013
LocationAlong English Bluff Road, Tsawwassen
CapWhite, slightly darker centre, slightly domed, rolled over the margin slightly
GillsGrey / brown, almost connected to the stem
VeilNone seen
RingNo
StemWhite (same colour as cap), not quite round - slightly flattened, fibrous, goes brown when cut, slight yellow discoloration from touching
BaseNot bulbous, no volva
SporesBrown
OtherNo smell, possibly the same as the previous entry (see cap #3in group picture to the right)
Can I eat it?Most Cortinarius are not recommended and may be poisonous
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystified 
41. Oyster Mushroom
   Pleurotus ostreatus
   Confidence: 2/10
Date11 Nov 2013
LocationStanley Park
CapWhite
GillsNot seen or perhaps still under a veil
VeilJust looked like the bottom of the fruit
RingNone seen
StemNone seen
BaseNone seen
SporesNot tested
OtherSpecimens were very small and young, perhaps too soon to be able to properly identify the species. If they turn yellowish, then they might instead be Sulfur Shelf (Laetiporus sulphureus)
Can I eat it?Delicious grilled or fried
Arora pocket guidepg.35
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.134-35
42. Unknown
   ?
   Confidence: 0/10
Date11 Nov 2013
LocationStanley Park
CapWhite, yellow tinge
GillsNot clear, but I think they're white
VeilNone seen
RingNo
StemThin, white, curved
BaseInside the bark, not seen
SporesNot tested
OtherGrowing on a live tree that I could not get close to, so all I have are some telephoto shots
Can I eat it??
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystified 
43. Insidious Gomphidius
   Gomphidius oregonensis
   Confidence: 5/10
Date11 Nov 2013
LocationStanley Park
CapGrey and white, looks slimy
GillsWhite, going slightly down the stem
VeilNot seen
RingUncertain, could be a slight leftover ring there
StemWhite, solid, tapers slightly toward base, 2 specimens have joined stalks at the base
BaseNot bulbous, no volva
SporesNot tested
OtherStem stains yellow when bruised
Can I eat it?Edible, but the sliminess makes it undesirable
Arora pocket guidepg.151
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.482-83
44. Unknown
   ?
   Confidence: 0/10
Date11 Nov 2013
LocationStanley Park
CapGray, white edges (might just be old)
GillsGray / white, adnexed to stalk
VeilNone seen
RingNone seen
StemGray / white, straight
BaseNot bulbous, no volva
SporesNot tested
OtherThese specimens may be too old to make an educated guess
Can I eat it??
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystified 
45. Butter Bolete
   Boletus appendiculatus
   Confidence: 3/10
Date11 Nov 2013
LocationStanley Park
CapTan, irregular surface
GillsPores, yellow
VeilThin, white, not in contact with the pore ends
RingNone seen
StemThick, tan, fibrous
BaseNot bulbous, no volva
SporesNot tested
OtherClearly several specimens were old and had been attacked by animals, flesh is firm. I would be moreconfident of the identification if the flesh had stained blue, but it did not
Can I eat it?Edible, not nearly as sweet as the King Bolete, but with wonderfully dense flesh
Arora pocket guidepg.163
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.525-26
46. Witch's Hat
   Hygrocybe conica
   Confidence: 3/10
   See also #4, #47
Date11 Nov 2013
LocationStanley Park
CapSmall, round, slightly depressed center, orange colour
GillsNot seen, but the whole specimen appears to be one colour
VeilNone seen
RingNone seen
StemThin, fairly straight, same colour as the cap
BaseNot seen
SporesNot tested
OtherQuickly saw these as we passed by and took a quick shot before moving on. Not brown enough to be LBMs and not as pointed as I expected for a Witch's Hat, but I could think of no other likely identiifcation
Can I eat it?Not recommended
Arora pocket guidepg.44
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.115-117
47. Witch's Hat
   Hygrocybe conica
   Confidence: 2/10
   See also #4, #46
Date11 Nov 2013
LocationStanley Park
CapLight orange / tan colour, small, round
GillsNot seen, but the whole specimen seems te same colour
VeilNone seen
RingNone seen
StemSlim, slightly larger as it goes down, seesm the same colour as the rest of the specimen
BaseNot seen
SporesNot tested
OtherQuickly saw these as we passed by and took a quick shot before moving on. Not brown enough to be LBMs and not as pointed as I expected for a Witch's Hat, but I could think of no other likely identiifcation. May be the same as the one above.
Can I eat it?Not recommended
Arora pocket guidepg.44
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.115-117
48. Black Elfin Saddle
   Helvella lacunosa
   Confidence: 5/10
   See also #35
Date11 Nov 2013
LocationStanley Park
CapBlack, misshapen
GillsNot seen
VeilNone seen
RingNo
StemBlack or dark grey, striated
BaseNot seen
SporesNot tested
OtherDiffers from the other Elfin saddles I have seen because the stalk is so much blacker, but it has the same shpe and appearance
Can I eat it?Edible when cooked
Arora pocket guidepg.238
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.815-16
49. Coral Mushroom (specific type unknown)
   Clavulina or Ramaria or Tremellodendropsis tuberosa
   Confidence: 4/10
Date11 Nov 2013
LocationStanley Park
CapTop branches are dull grey / white
GillsNone
VeilNone
RingNone
StemAlso dull grey / white
BaseNot seen
SporesNot tested
OtherThese had been somewhat walk upon but not badly broken so I'd call them pliant not brittle
Can I eat it?Mostly edible, but why bother - some are bitter and others bland and all are small
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.640-56
50. Witch's Butter
   Tremella mesenterica
   Confidence: 5/10
Date11 Nov 2013
LocationStanley Park
CapBody is yellow-orange colour
GillsNone
VeilNone
RingNone
StemNone
BaseNone
SporesNot tested
OtherUnfortunately, the picture is out of focus. It was on the top of a stump
Can I eat it?Harmless but flavourless
Arora pocket guidepg.242
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.672-74
51. Honey Mushroom
   Armillaria mellea
   Confidence: 8/10
   See also #25, #37
Date11 Nov 2013
LocationStanley Park
CapTan, golden, mostly flat
GillsOff-white, yellowish, tight to the stalk
VeilNone seen
RingSlight
StemOff-white, darker at base, mostly straight
Basecommon to several specimens
SporesNot tested
OtherSeem to appear in great drifts along wet fallen trees and stumps
Can I eat it?Often eaten but sometimes causing stomach upsets
Arora pocket guidepg.82
Mushrooms Demystifiedpp.196-97
52. Unknown
   ?
   Confidence: 0/10
Date11 Nov 2013
LocationStanley Park
CapGolden brown, moist
GillsWhite
VeilNone seen
RingNo
StemStraight, black, scales on it
BaseNot seen
SporesNot tested
OtherThought these might be Honey Mushrooms initially but no ring, thin black stalk and not in such clusters.
Can I eat it??
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystified 
53. Unknown
   ?
   Confidence: 0/10
Date21 Nov 2013
LocationBackyard
CapGolden brown, flat, a little darker in the centre
GillsSame golden brown colour, running to the stem but not attached
VeilNone seen, doesn't look like there was one
RingNone
StemThin, fibrous, black, hollow, some scales on it
BaseNot bulbous, no volva
Sporeslight brown
OtherHundreds of them in the back garden, may be all just LBMs, many grow tightly together but not fromt he same base
Can I eat it??
Arora pocket guide 
Mushrooms Demystified